TAKING THE CONFUSION OUT OF CANNABIS GENETICS
By Amari Emani
Basically, when it comes to landrace cannabis, it could be described as a strain of cannabis that grows wild. It also refers to an isolated subspecies of a cannabis strain that is specific to a geographic region. When you have an understanding of the history of a plant’s genetic profile, you gain insight into the particular climates and zones in which that plant will thrive outdoors. This will help you select varieties of cannabis most suitable for growing in your garden or crop. Once you have isolated landrace strains suitable for your geographic location, then from there you can choose those strains most likely to deliver the balanced flowers you desire.
Cannabis Ruderalis is a particular type of cannabis that comes from areas such as Siberia, Eastern Europe, and the Himalayas. These are often small plants that are adaptable to weather in climates that can be best described as harsh. They do not pack a punch with potency for smokers looking to get baked, but have their own unique niche with breeders, and increasingly in the laboratory.
Cannabis Indica is a variety of cannabis that traces back to India, Pakistan, and the mountains located in Afghanistan. A typical Indica plant will grow an average of 4-6 feet while having wide leaflets. They’re also known for taking a shorter period of time for the flower to mature. Often skunky even musky aromas are associated with cannabis indica strains. These strains are suitable for growing in temperate climates. Strains such as Hindu Kush, Blueberry, and Northern Lights are among some of the favorite strains of cannabis indica amongst breeders, growers, and consumers alike.
Cannabis Sativa is said to come from Asia Minor, Asia, and North Africa. This particular type of cannabis plant has been a favorite of many for quite some time. Strains such as Acapulco Gold and the notorious Thai stick were born from Sativa varieties of cannabis. Sativas thrive in tropical climates that have more sunlight and longer summer months. These plants normally grow very tall reaching up to 20 feet in height with slender leaves. The flowers are known to take longer to mature on sativa. They are often associated with having floral and fruity aromas rather than the skunky tones of their indica counterparts.
Now you have the basic insight to the three most common types of cannabis growing around the world today. With a little research, this will help you determine what type of crop or garden is best suitable for you to grow based on your environment and condition.